Listening and Speaking

  • english language arts standards » speaking & listening » grade 4

    comprehension and collaboration

    -          sl.4.1. engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

    o    come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.

    o    follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles.

    o    pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.

    o    review the key ideas expressed and explain their own ideas and understanding in light of the discussion.

    -          sl.4.2. paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

    -          sl.4.3. identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.

    presentation of knowledge and ideas

    -          sl.4.4. report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.

    -          sl.4.5. add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

    -          sl.4.6. differentiate between contexts that call for formal english (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal english when appropriate to task and situation.

     


     

    english language arts standards » language » grade 4

    conventions of standard english

    -          l.4.1. demonstrate command of the conventions of standard english grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

    o    use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why).

    o    form and use the progressive (e.g., i was walking; i am walking; i will be walking) verb tenses.

    o    use modal auxiliaries (e.g., can, may, must) to convey various conditions.

    o    order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than a red small bag).

    o    form and use prepositional phrases.

    o    produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.*

    o    correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to, too, two; there, their).*

    -          l.4.2. demonstrate command of the conventions of standard english capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

    o    use correct capitalization.

    o    use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.

    o    use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.

    o    spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.

    knowledge of language

    -          l.4.3. use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

    o    choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.*

    o    choose punctuation for effect.*

    o    differentiate between contexts that call for formal english (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion).

    vocabulary acquisition and use

    -          l.4.4. determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

    o    use context (e.g., definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

    o    use common, grade-appropriate greek and latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph, photograph, autograph).

    o    consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

    -          l.4.5. demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

    o    explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.

    o    recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

    o    demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).

    -          l.4.6. acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).